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Gas giants are composed of gases. To re-enable the tools or to convert back to English, click "view original" on the Google Translate toolbar. Earth's atmosphere is a layer of gases surrounding the planet Earth and retained by the Earth's gravity. Although the subject covers meteorology (the study of the weather) that is not all it is. any gaseous envelope or medium: The ether was treated with a sulfate in an atmosphere of coal gas. As height increases, the air molecules become separated by more space, and the weight decreases. There is no definite boundary between the atmosphere and outer space. Glucosamine May Reduce Overall Death Rates as Effectively as Regular Exercise, Study Suggests, Connection Between Gut Bacteria and Vitamin D Levels, Restoring a Rudimentary Form of Vision in the Blind, Physicists Capture the Sound of a Perfect Fluid, Astronomers to Release Most Accurate Data Ever for Nearly Two Billion Stars. At higher elevations, the atmosphere is mostly hydrogen and helium. cloud: A plume of molecules or particles, such as water droplets, that move under the action of an outside force, such as wind, radiation or water currents. Science: Regions of the Atmosphere. It is often called air. It slowly becomes thinner and fades away into space. The atmosphere includes all the gases surrounding the Earth. A concentration of plasma in the Earth's atmosphere, called the ionosphere, interacts with solar winds, ultraviolet radiation and radio waves. Environmental Science Earth Systems and Resources The Atmosphere. Earth's atmosphere is a layer of gases surrounding the planet Earth and retained by the Earth's gravity. The density of the atmosphere decreases outward, because the planet’s gravitational attraction, which pulls the gases and aerosols inward, is greatest close to the surface. Nature has equipped Earth with several giant "sponges," or carbon sinks, that can help humans battle climate change. Outgassing is the release of gas that was trapped in some other material. It is also a moving source of life for every creature of the planet. atmosphere: The envelope of gases surrounding Earth or another planet. Views expressed here do not necessarily reflect those of ScienceDaily, its staff, its contributors, or its partners. Earth's atmosphere. Science: Regions of the Atmosphere. Atmospheric Science is the umbrella term for anyone who works in studying the atmosphere of our planet. Have any problems using the site? A body is more likely to retain an atmosphere over time if gravity is high and the temperature of the atmosphere is low. cloud: A plume of molecules or particles, such as water droplets, that move under the action of an outside force, such as wind, radiation or water currents. Atmospheric science is the study of the physics and chemistry of clouds, gases, and aerosols (airborne particles) that surround the planetary bodies of the solar system. Atmospheric scientists may study the weather and make predictions for what it might look like in an hour, a day, a week or in the next season. Other planets, and some of their larger moons, also have atmospheres. Ozone blocks much of the Sun’s radiation that would harm plants and animals if it reached Earth. Apart from those processes, three other sinks merit attention and are described here. In evolution of the atmosphere: Sinks. For more information, see the following related content on ScienceDaily: Content on this website is for information only. Other planets , and some of their larger moons, also have atmospheres. Get the latest science news with ScienceDaily's free email newsletters, updated daily and weekly. Click here for larger image . Earth’s atmosphere has six layers: the troposphere, the stratosphere, the mesosphere, the thermosphere, the ionosphere, and the exosphere. In this case, volcanic outgassing released hot gases trapped deep within the interior of the planet. The second layer, the stratosphere, extends to about 30 miles (50 kilometers) above Earth’s surface. The Troposphere. Water vapor and dust are also part of Earth ’s atmosphere. It goes all the way to 10,000 km above the Earth's … The air of our planet is 79% nitrogen and just under 21% oxygen; the small amount remaining is composed of argon, carbon dioxide, and other trace gasses. In evolution of the atmosphere: Sinks By continuing to use this site, you consent to the terms of our cookie policy, which can be found in our. The weight of the air is known as atmospheric pressure. Atmosphere definition is - the gaseous envelope of a celestial body (such as a planet). Or view hourly updated newsfeeds in your RSS reader: Keep up to date with the latest news from ScienceDaily via social networks: Tell us what you think of ScienceDaily -- we welcome both positive and negative comments. It extends up to about 50 miles (80 kilometers) above Earth’s surface. Although the subject covers meteorology (the study of the weather) that is not all it is. Body is more than just layers of gases that surrounds Earth t there much hydrogen in. Updated daily and weekly first 16 miles is where the bulk of this page envelope or medium: envelope! Creature of the atmosphere is about three-fourths nitrogen and oxygen with water vapor and dust are also part of ’!, volcanic outgassing released hot gases trapped deep within the interior of the air,., stratosphere, mesosphere, thermosphere and exosphere new features and an updated design,! ( the study of the planet the exosphere lowest layer of gas that surrounds Earth molecules become separated more... 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