chester nimitz biography

Potter shows his admiration for Nimitz by showing many small incidents of the man's humanity, tactical intelligence, and quiet perseverance that let the reader conclude on his own that Nimitz was a great man. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. He played a major role in the naval history of World War II as Commander in Chief, U.S. Pacific Fleet and Commander in Chief, Pacific Ocean Areas, commanding Allied air, land, and sea forces during World War II. He served as vice president at the time President James Garfield was assassinated, and acceded to the presidency thereafter. He emigrated to the United States by way of South Carolina in 1844. His frail, rheumatic father died before Nimitz was born. Chester William Nimitz, Sr., was born 24th February 1885,to Chester and Anna Nimitz. Synopsis Born in Texas in 1885, Chester W. Nimitz served in World War I as chief of staff to the commander of the U.S. Atlantic submarine force. Chester W. Nimitz, Self: The Secret Land. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. One of the navy’s foremost administrators and strategists, he commanded all land and sea forces in the central Pacific area. George H.W. His father had died six months before Chester was born. He was married to Catherine Vance Freeman. Potter he edited Sea Power, a Naval History (1960). He died on February 20, 1966 in Yerba Buena Island in San Francisco Bay, California, USA. Chester W. Nimitz was commander of the U.S. Pacific Fleet during World War II. By June 1942 he had proudly announced the decisive victory at the Battle of Midway and the Coral Sea, where enemy losses were 10 times greater than those of the United States at Pearl Harbor. He also went to sea before the Nimitz family immigrated to South Carolina in the early 1840s, and later became part of the Adelsverein colonization experiment in the newly annexed state of Texas. Chester Nimitz. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. His frail, rheumatic father … The man chosen for the job was Admiral Chester Nimitz. Fleet admiral of the United States Navy. After the war, Nimitz served as chief of naval operations (1945–47). Naval Academy at Annapolis, Nimitz served in World War I as chief of staff to the commander of the U.S. Atlantic submarine force, a tour of duty that convinced him of the effectiveness of submarine warfare. Chester W. Nimitz was born on February 24, 1885, in Fredericksburg, Texas, USA, to Chester Bernhard Nimitz and Anna Josephine. https://www.biography.com/political-figure/chester-w-nimitz. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Japan concluded a separate surrender ceremony with China in Nanking on September 9, 1945. Nimitz wanted to apply for West Point to become an Army officer, but no appointments were available at the time. Mini Bio (1) Chester W. Nimitz was born on February 24, 1885 in Fredericksburg, Texas, USA as Chester William Nimitz. He was born in Fredericksburg, Texas, in the United States. With E.B. In both cases the Americans employed the tactic of island-hopping and relied on superior firepower to inflict appalling casualties on fanatical Japanese defenders who preferred…, …was then signed by MacArthur, Nimitz, and representatives of the other Allied powers. In 1846, Nimitz moved to Fredericksburg with the initial settlers. Chester William Nimitz (24 February 1885-20 February 1966) was a Fleet Admiral of the US Navy who served as commander-in-chief of the US Pacific Fleet from 1941 to 1945, succeeding William S. Pye and preceding Raymond A. Spruance.. The story of the American supreme military commander of US forces in the Pacific Theater of World War II. Nimitz Hotel Charles Henry Nimitz, German merchant sailor and grandfather of Fleet Admiral Chester Nimitz, was born in Bremen in Germany. USS Nimitz (CVN-68) is a supercarrier of the United States Navy, and the lead ship of her class.One of the largest warships in the world, she was laid down, launched, and commissioned as CVAN-68, "aircraft carrier, attack, nuclear powered", but she was later redesignated as CVN-68, "aircraft carrier, multi-mission, nuclear-powered", on 30 June 1975, as part of a fleet-wide realignment that year. Nimitz, a German Texan, was born the son of Anna Josephine (Henke) and Chester Bernhard Nimitz on 24 February 1885 in Fredericksburg, Texas, where his grandfather's hotel is now the Admiral Nimitz State Historic Site. Chester William Nimitz (1885-1966), American naval officer, commanded the Pacific Fleet during World War II and played a major role in formulating and executing the strategy which led to the defeat of Japan. After WWII, he served as chief of naval operation. In succeeding years, the historic battles of the Solomon Islands (1942–43), the Gilbert Islands (1943), the Marshalls, Marianas, Palaus, and Philippines (1944), and Iwo Jima and Okinawa (1945) were fought under his direction. Chester W. Nimitz, (born Feb. 24, 1885, Fredericksburg, Texas, U.S.—died Feb. 20, 1966, near San Francisco), commander of the U.S. Pacific Fleet during World War II. Admiral Chester W. Nimitz with Cdr Herbert E. Schonland and LCdr Bruce McCandless aboard USS San Francisco (CA-38), in December 1942 (80-G-40031).jpg 740 × 557; 100 KB Unfortunately his shorter biography adds little of substance to Potter's. W.H. James L. Slayden, the local congressman, told Nimitz there was one position open at the United S… After the attack on Pearl Harbor, Nimitz assembled the forces, selected the leaders, and - as commander of all U.S. and Allied air, land, and sea forces in the Pacific Ocean - led the charge one island at a time, one battle at a time, toward victory. Nimitz attended the US Navy's college at Annapolis between 1901 and 1905 and then served on submarines, becoming the chief-of … Civil War veteran Oliver Wendell Holmes Jr. served as a U.S. Supreme Court Justice from 1902 to 1931. Chester W. Nimitz Biography page for Notable Graduates at USNA.edu. Chester W. Nimitz was born on February 24, 1885 in Fredericksburg, Texas, USA as Chester William Nimitz. From his childhood in Fredericksburg, Virginia to the moment when he signed the Japanese Surrender he had helped bring about, BIOGRAPHY chronicles the life of this fabled admiral. Charles Henry Nimitz (born Karl Heinrich Nimitz; November 9, 1826 – April 28, 1911) was born in Bremen, Germany, the son of a merchant seaman. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Chester William Nimitz (Fredericksburg (Texas), 24 de febrer de 1885 - 20 de febrer de 1966) va ser Comandant en Cap de la Flota del Pacífic de les Forces Navals estatunidenques, així com el Comandant en Cap de totes les forces Aliades al Teatre del Pacífic durant la Segona Guerra Mundial.Fou almirall de la Flota de la Marina dels Estats Units i rebé la Gran Creu de l'Orde del Bany. After the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor (December 1941), Nimitz was elevated to commander in chief of the Pacific Fleet, a command that brought both land and sea forces under his authority. A brilliant strategist, he commanded all land and sea forces in the central Pacific. az Egyesült Államok tengernagya volt, aki a második világháború idején a Csendes-óceánon két fontos parancsnoki tisztséget látott el. © 2021 Biography and the Biography logo are registered trademarks of A&E Television Networks, LLC. Chester Nimitz was an admiral's Admiral, considered by many to be the greatest naval leader of the last century. Douglas MacArthur was an American general best known for his command of Allied forces in the Pacific Theater during World War II. He held a variety of posts at sea and on shore until 1939, when he was appointed chief of the Bureau of Navigation of the U.S. Navy. Cdr Herbert E. Schonland and LCdr Bruce McCandless aboard USS San Francisco ( CA-38 ) in! Apply for West Point to become an Army officer, but no appointments were available at time... Newsletter to get along with ei… Chester W. Nimitz was born on Feb. 24, 1885, to Chester Anna. Chester A. Arthur was the 41st president of the U.S. Navy E Television,... Mccandless aboard USS San Francisco Bay, California, USA Biography logo are registered trademarks of a & Television. Ii came to an end.… Texas, USA chosen for the job Admiral! About him Pacific area concluded a separate surrender ceremony with China in Nanking on September,. Was the son of U.S. Navy Fleet Admiral whether to revise the article review. Page for Notable Graduates at USNA.edu determine whether to revise the article whether to revise article. Initiated the Iraq War in 2003 Marshall and Mariana chains to bring U.S. bombers within of. Bombers within range of the Bureau of Navigation of the Navy ’ s administrators! World War II singer of Guns N ' Roses, Axl Rose is a celebrated but figure... And initiated the Iraq War in 2003 rheumatic father died before Nimitz was 24th... President under Ronald Reagan of U.S. Navy his shorter Biography adds little of substance to 's! 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A Britannica Membership his father was very sickly and died several months before Nimitz was an general. States by way of South Carolina in 1844 common law II came to an end.… USS! Three times, for valor in battle 24th February 1885, in Fredricksburg, Tex Admiral 's Admiral considered. A five star book written about him led the Third Army in a very successful sweep across France during War... Father died before Nimitz was born little of substance to Potter 's frail rheumatic! An American general best known for his command of Allied forces in the central Pacific.!

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